The struggle for water management predicts to increase due to population expansion, urbanization, and climate change, with a particular impact on agriculture. By 2050, the world's population will reach over 10 billion people. Whether urban or rural, this population will require food to fulfill its necessities. When combined with the increased consumption of calories and more complex foods that come with rising income in the developing world, agricultural production is expected to climb by about 70% by 2050. On the other hand, plantation problems such as soil conditions, water, pesticide use, climate change are still not fully resolved. Then, how agriculture can fulfill food production by 2050.
The crops need to be healthy, so pesticides keep pests and weeds away. These pesticides can harm the environment. Fertile land and water quality also determine crop production. The workforce capacity and capability limitations are tricky to monitor and analyze every inch of the vast plantations area. In addition, this problem's pace is too fast for all the information to be processed by one human mind. Yet, everything must be completed at one time. Otherwise, it will cause crop failure, and plantation conditions issues will be more complex.
To this end, IoT (Internet of Things) software solutions intend to assist agriculture in bridging the supply-demand gap by securing high yields, profitability, and environmental preservation. According to a BI Intelligence survey, the adoption of IoT devices in the agriculture industry will reach 75 million by 2020, expanding at a rate of 20% each year. Simultaneously, the worldwide precision agriculture market predicts to quadruple in size by 2025, reaching 15.3 billion dollars (up from slightly more than 5 billion dollars in 2016). Also, the adoption of IoT for precision agriculture improves connectivity, speed, and in-depth data analysis in the plantations. To demonstrate, this is how IoT by Avirtech drives precision agriculture more efficiently.