The population growth has led to increased food production worldwide, but now farmers are struggling to feed everyone. Ironically, this increasing demand also increases the probability of the growing hunger problem. UN Sustainable Program reports in 2019, about 750 million people, or roughly one out of every ten people on the planet, are suffering from severe malnutrition. There are 381 million people in Asia, and more than 250 million in Africa are undernourished. The number of undernourished in Africa is growing faster than in other regions. In addition, several factors influence the waste of the food produced and make it get worse. To point out, poor processing and drying, inadequate storage, and lack of infrastructure in Africa exacerbated the food waste. Food losses in Sub-Saharan Africa are worth $4 billion per year, or enough to feed at least 48 million people. Altogether, farmers need an innovative investment to minimize food waste and facilitate them in acquiring capabilities and experience in sustainable food and agriculture. Agricultural production frameworks have to become more efficient and waste-free. Hence, comprehensive and integrated sustainable agriculture strategies and food production, including manufacturing and consumption, are needed.
Luckily, this is 2022, when the era of digitalization technology will be more beneficial for farmers and businesses. Farmers worldwide can employ precision agriculture techniques which are advanced methods to improve production and profitability—the Internet of Things or IoT propellers agriculture 4.0. IoT technologies, including satellite imagery, GPS, robotics, biotechnology, are factors agriculture can generate such a massive amount of helpful information and developments. These technologies expect to impact the agriculture sector substantially, efficiency, profitability.
With precision agriculture, farmers and businesses can track and use information like weather, soil quality, and irrigation to make better decisions on the type of plants to grow and techniques to use. It allows accurate forecasting of the entire output of a crop. It means that a single acre can produce a good year for some crops.
How precision agriculture eliminates food waste and loss
Food loss is commonly associated with food that has been spoiled or damaged during the sprouting, stockpiling, processing, or distribution of the product. It contains crops lost on the farm in response to climate, inefficient equipment, or technological feasibility. Food waste is unconsumed food, usually ignored. Food waste occurs at wholesale outlets in marketplaces and grocery stores—some of the causes of buyer behavior. It is common to happen in developing countries. Then, how can precision agriculture eliminate this food waste and loss?
Precision agriculture has redefined the future of the food industry. In a nutshell, it refers to data acquisition, data processing methods, and actual management options. Moreover, farmers can now record their crop production, distribute and market, and share this information via the Internet and mobile technology. It has elevated farmers' overall productivity by using cutting-edge advanced technologies such as sensors and drones, the application of Artificial Intelligent (AI), and Machine Learning (ML) software. Farmers can analyze their land and farm with the best potential to maximize farm profits and reduce the impacts of climate change and pollution. As a result, farming becomes more focused on the customer's individualized needs.
Internet of Things and Artificial Intelligent for better farming management solutions
Farmers need accurate data and real-time reports to act as soon as possible to produce efficient profitability crops. IoT and AI have everything make simplify. It delivers soil, temperature, humidity sensing, drought and rain season, etc. Farmers may plant certain vegetables and fruits to avoid crop failure and predict the expiration of crops to reduce food loss. In the same way, the stored harvest can also be tracked health. Fruits and vegetables that have the potential to rot and cannot be processed and spread to others can be immediately disposed of or separated.
Avirtech develops BIOTA
Fruits and vegetables of poor quality will become food waste. To reduce this, Avirtech innovates to create software and tools that can detect plant seeds' health, soil fertility, and weather conditions that can affect plant stress. BIOTA can capture the minor details for farmers by leveraging a wide range of sensors. Utilizing low cost, low powered, and long-range transmission technology, BIOTA connects plantations spanning over million hectares, providing continuous monitoring, control, predictive analytics, and better management decision.
(BIOTA is a crop intelligence solution product that combines remote sensing and intelligent sensors to obtain insights into the plantation.)
Sensors and drones for regenerative agriculture
Regenerative agriculture refers to agricultural production strategies that, among some other things, reverse global warming by repairing soil organic matter and repairing damaged soil biodiversity – resulting in carbon pullback as well as the enhanced water cycle. Reducing pesticides for agricultural purposes can optimize the regenerative agriculture movement. The use of many pesticides can certainly reduce soil fertility levels and contribute to global warming because the soil will become barren and hot. Drones and sensors are the keys to controlling pesticide use on the plantation. Unlike manual pesticide watering, watering using drones and sensors has been calculated based on the needs and conditions of the plant so that it will not result in damaged soil fertility due to the use of a lot of pesticides.
In the end, technology and precision agriculture can merge to settle food loss and food waste that cause by technological and yield prediction feasibility.