The role of drones in precision agriculture

the role of drone for precision agriculture

Farmers and businesses require fertile land, fertilizer, and particular technique to produce high-quality vegetables, fruits, nuts. Few of them still struggle to maintain the ground since they do not know how to start this farming game. Of course, it is a significant effort to cultivate a hundred land hectares, especially if you do not have enough human resources. As an illustration, you may miss water management points while controlling pests and weeds in your land. Often, farmers and businesses do not have enough accurate data before starting farming or planting. At the same time, this is the core for determining a high-quality harvest. However, farmers and businesses in this century are lucky because they will find how smart farming is easy as ABC. Precision agriculture in this industry 4.0 brings benefits both in operation and outcome. It is certainly cannot be separated from the role of drones. You can find the definition of drones and the differences between UAVs and UAS here. It recommends reading so you won't miss several points. Now, let's define the role of drones in precision agriculture and how they can make farmers and agribusiness work more manageable and get to know the kinds of drones.

 

The role of drones in precision agriculture

 

#1 Crop surveying and mapping

 

One of the most apparent benefits of drone technology is its performance in huge crop and farmland monitoring. Last time, farmers and businesses used satellite or plane imagery to provide a large-scale view of the farm and identify potential problems. These visuals, even so, were not only pricey but also lacked the accuracy that drones can provide. Farmers and businesses can now acquire real-time footage and time-based animation that can illuminate crop steady progress in real-time. Drone mapping and surveying enable technology decisions based on real-time data rather than old imagery.

 

#2 Weeds and pest control management

 

Weeds and pests cause crop failure in almost all main crops such as wheat, palm oil, soybean, rice, potato, cotton, corn. Precision agriculture has many applications and uses in various agricultural circumstances, including weds and pest control. Drones equipped with unique cameras and sensors capable of detecting specific weeds and pests and GPS technologies that could provide location information for field mapping can aid in accurately tracking large areas in a couple of moments. Drones allow for more precise weed strategic planning, ensuring the efficiency of mechanical methods and reducing herbicide expansion, resulting in lower expenses, a slower onset of weed resistance, and improved biodiversity. Drones can cover numerous hectares within several minutes by flying over the field, delivering photographic information for weeds and pest update identification. Furthermore, farmers and businesses can act as soon as possible to handle the weeds and pests before they destroy the whole crop.

 

#3 Soils inspection

 

One of the most common uses of drones is to inspect the soil's condition. There are various steps involved in examining the ground in the conventional farming methodology, such as visiting the field manually with equipment and reviewing the prototype of soil for different factors. In contrast, the drone includes a lot of sensors and well-developed equipment for accurately examining the ground and thus giving accurate reports.

 

#4 Irrigation and water management

 

Irrigation is still a point of conflict for farmers. With mile after mile of irrigation, problems are unavoidable. Drones integrated with thermal cameras can assist in detecting irrigation problems or regions that receive too little or too much moisture. This data can make crops better settled to optimize drainage, adhere to land runoff, and avoid water pooling, affecting sensitive crops. Water and irrigation issues are costly, but they can also harm crop yields. These problems can identify by employing drone surveying before they become a problem.

 

#5 Spraying management

 

Because drones are flying devices, drones effectively spray techniques in precision agriculture. Drone sensors will gather information from farmlands, and pesticides and fertilizers will splash on the crops that require them, focusing on the need. Drone sprayers eliminate the need for farmers and businesses to maneuver areas while carrying bag sprayers, which can be dangerous to health. Drone sprayers convey superfine spray applications that aim to particular areas to improve efficiency and reduce pesticide costs.

 

The kinds of drones

 

- Fixed-wing drones

 

Fixed-wing drones operate similarly to airliners, utilizing lift and drag to maintain altitude. Often these fixed-wing drones have only one propeller. Consequently, fixed-wing drones have great battery existence and can stay in the air for up to 20 minutes. Fixed wings can also achieve higher speeds than rotary drones, allowing fixed-wing drones to support more ground when merged with longer battery life. Fixed-wing drones would be great for long-distance flights in a straight line, such as for pipeline inspections.

 

- Fixed-wing hybrid VTOL drones

 

Fixed-wing hybrid VTOL (Vertical Take-off and Landing) drones are a mixture of UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) features and the capabilities to fly in one place, retaining hybrid characteristics. With this feature, these drones can take off from a single location and fly vertically for an extended period.

 

(Aviro Z1 is a professional drone for mapping, thermal imaging, or vegetation health purposes with vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) capabilities, combining the best of both worlds of multi-rotor and fixed-wing drones.)



- Multi drones

 

Multi-rotor drones are the most common type for creating maps and models. These drones are constructed from a fuselage paired with four motors that drive the appropriate propellers. Multi-rotor is the most common type of drone for creating maps and models. Multi-rotor drones can support more weight thanks to their design. The multi-rotor can carry something like a DSLR camera or other items that allow it to move. Multi-rotor drones can navigate small spaces with ease. The GPS receiver in drones will enable them to hover and maintain a defined path using waypoints.


(M60 Drone is an intelligent payload drone UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) multi-rotor M60 small quad drone with improved flight performance and better loading capacity for professional aerial photography and industrial applications such as mapping and inspection.)



- Single-rotor helicopter

 

Compared to other drones, single rotor helicopter drones get more advantages. It is equipped with a gas-controlled system to increase endurance. Aerodynamic regulations emphasize that if a system has larger rotor blades, the rotation will be less, and the system's reliability will be higher. As a result, single rotor helicopters are more convenient than other drones. Because single-rotor helicopters have longer rotor blades, they benefit agriculture.

 

It's a wrap! Drones are not only for military purposes. Now, this flying device can assist farmers and agribusinesses in maintaining the land effectively and efficiently. 



Posted by : Nurhayati

Published At : 31/12/2021 01:29:47

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